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核能供应

dayawanhedianchangshiwoguodalushouzuodaxingshangyonghedianchang,yongyouliangtaizhuangjirongliangwei98.4wanqianwadeyashuiduihedianjizu,nianfadiannenglijin150yiqianwashi,70%xiaowangxianggang,30%xiaowangguangdong。dayawanhedianchanganzhao“gaoqidianqibu,yinjin、xiaohua、xishou、chuangxin”,“jiedaijianshe、shoudianhaiqian、hezijingying”defangzhenkaigongxingjian,1994nian5yue6riquanmianjianchengtourushangyeyunxing。dayawanhedianchangshigaigekaifangdechanwu,shixiandaiqiyezhidudeyouyichangshi。2008nian,dayawanhedianchangwanchengquanbujijiandaikuanbenxidehaifugongzuo,gongleijichanghaidaikuanbenxi56.74yimeiyuan。

dayawanhedianchangtouchanyilaiyilianxuanquanyunxing21nian,gexiangjingjiyunxingzhibiaodadaohuojiejinguojixianjinshuiping。zi1999niankaishi,yunyinggongsicanjiadeyu60yutaifaguotongleixingjizudenianduanquanyejitiaozhansaizhong(lingyubaokuo: heanquan/zidongtingdui、nengliyinzi、gongyeanquan、fushefanghu、changfangguanli),leijigonghuode32xiangcidiyiming。zi2002nian1yue12riyilaijinglianxu12nianwufeijihuazidongtingdui,gaijiluzaiedftongleixingjizuzhongpaimingdiyi。(zhu: anquanyunxingtianshushizhizuijinyicifeijihuazidongtingduizhitongjishijiannei,youfanyingduilinjiexiaoshishuzhesuanerchengdetianshu。)

大亚湾核电厂的建设和运行,成功实现了我国大陆大型商用核电厂的起步,实现了我国核电建设跨越式发展、后发追赶国际先进水平的目标,为我国核电事业快速稳步发展奠定了基础,为粤港两地的经济和社会发展做出了应有的贡献。

yabo手机版yulejiegengxiangxidedayawanhedianzhanneirong,qingqianwang“dayawanhedianyunyingguanliyouxianzerengongsi”:

dayawanhedianjidihangpaitu

lingaohedianchangyiqishizhongguangheanzhaoguowuyuanquedingde“yiheyanghe,gundongfazhan”defangzhenzaiguangdongdiqujianshededierzuodaxingshangyonghedianchang,yongyouliangtaizhuangjirongliangwei99wanqianwadeyashuiduihedianjizu,youlingaohedianyouxiangongsijiansheyujingying。lingaohedianchangyiqiyidayawanhedianchangweicankao,jinxingle52xiangzhongyaojishugaijin;anzhaoguojibiaozhun,shixianlexiangmuguanlizizhuhua、jianzhuanzhuangshigongzizhuhua、diaoshiheshengchanzhunbeizizhuhua,shixianlebufenshejizizhuhuahebufenshebeizhizaoguochanhua,zhengtiguochanhualvdadao30%,guonei180yujiaqiyecanyulegongchengjiansheheshebeizhizao。lingaohedianchangyiqiyu1997nian5yue15rikaigongjianshe,2003nian1yue8ritiqian66tianquanmianjianchengtouchan,jieshengtouzi3.81yimeiyuan,biguojiapizhundeyusuanjieyuejin10%。lingaohedianchangyiqigongchengjianshedadaoguojitongleihedianchangdexianjinshuiping。2002nian11yue,guojiyuanzinengjigou(iaea)zaiduilingaohedianchangyiqizuoyunxingqiananquanpingshenhourenwei: “lingaohedianchangyiqidedabufenzhibiaodoukeyiyuxindeiaeaguojianquanbiaozhunxiangpimei;qiyejijiangchengweiquanqiuhegongyejiejiyoujiazhidecanzhao。”

lingaohedianchangyiqijianchengtouchanyilai,anquanyunxingyejiyouliang。1haojizuchuangzaoleshangyunhoulianxulianggeranliaoxunhuanwufeijihuatingjitingduianquanyunxing592tiandeshijiejilu,2haojizuchuangzaolezishoucilinjiejishangyunqiwufeijihuazidongtingduianquanyunxing935tiandeshijiehedianxinjizuzuihaojilu。

yabo手机版lingaohedianchangyiqidejiansheheyunxing,shizhongguanghe“yiheyanghe,gundongfazhan”fangzhendechenggongshijian,weiwoguohedianfazhanjileilebaoguidejingyan,weituijinhedianzizhuchuangxin、tansuoxingchengzizhupinpaidebaiwanqianwajihedianjishuluxian-cpr1000,quanmianshixianwoguobaiwanqianwajishangyonghedianchangzizhuhua、guochanhuadiandinglelianghaodejichu,weihuanjieguangdongdiqudianligongyingjinzhangjumianzuochulegongxian。

yabo手机版yulejiegengxiangxidelingaohedianzhanyiqineirong,qingqianwang“dayawanhedianyunyingguanliyouxianzerengongsi”:

lingaohedianzhanyiqishijingtu

lingaohedianchangerqishiwoguo“shiwu”qijianweiyikaigongdehedianxiangmu,shiguojiahedianzizhuhuayituoxiangmu。xiangmucaiyongzhongguanghejuyouzizhupinpaidezhongguogaijinxingyashuiduihedianjishuluxiancpr1000,jiansheliangtaibaiwanqianwajiyashuiduihedianjizu。anzhaoguojiatichude“zizhusheji、zizhuzhizao、zizhujianshe、zizhuyunxing”mubiao,lingaohedianchangerqigongchengguanli、gongchengsheji、shebeizhizao、shebeijianzao、gongchengshigongyujishufuwudengjunyouguoneiqiyeweizhuchengdan。

为进一步提高安全性和经济性,岭澳核电厂二期实施了15项重要技术改进和40余项其它技术改进,其中包括采用数字化仪控和先进控制室、先进燃料组件、半速汽轮发电机组等。岭澳核电厂二期主体工程于2005年12月15日开工。1号机组已于2010年9月15日投产。2号机组于 2011年8月7日投入商业运行。随着岭澳核电厂二期两台机组全面投入商业运行,大亚湾核电基地装机容量达到611万千瓦,成为中国大陆最大的核电基地。

yulejiegengxiangxidelingaohedianzhanerqineirong,qingqianwang“dayawanhedianyunyingguanliyouxianzerengongsi”:

lingaohedianzhanerqishijingtu

liaoninghongyanhehedianzhanweiyuliaoningshengdalianshiwafangdianhongyanhezhen,shiguojia“shiyiwu”qijianshougepizhunkaigongjianshedehedianxiangmu。xiangmuguihuajiansheliutaibaiwanqianwajiyashuiduihedianjizu,yiqigongchengjianshe4taijizu,shidongbeidiqudiyizuohedianzhan。liaoninghongyanhehedianzhangongchengcaiyongzizhupinpaihedianjishucpr1000,youzhongguoguanghejituangongsi、zhongguodianlitouzijituangongsi、dalianjianshetouzigongsigongtongtouzichenglideliaoninghongyanhehedianyouxiangongsijianzaohejingying。

hongyanhehedianzhanshiwoguodiwuge、dongbeishougetourushangyundehedianjidi。jiezhimuqian,hongyanhe1、2、3、4haojizuweishangyunjizu,2015nianshangwangdianliangwei125.91yiqianwashi,zhandaliandangnianquanshehuiyongdianliangde4chengyishang,xiangdangyu2.8wangongqingsenlindexiaoguoxiaoying。hongyanheerqi5、6haojizuzhengjinxingtujianshigong。

yabo手机版hongyanhehedianzhanyiqigongchengdejianshe,zhanshilewoguohedianjianshezheduiheanquandezhizhezhuiqiu。gongchengjianshezhong,guangdajianshezhejingweiheanquan、shouhuheanquan,renzhenguancheguojiayaboshoujibanhedianjianshedexiangguanfalvfaguihejishuyaoqiu,shizhongjianchi“anquandiyi、zhiliangdiyi、zhuiqiuzhuoyue”defangzhen,jianchi“yicibashiqingzuohao”,jingxinzuzhigongchengjianshe,quanliquebaogongchengzhiliang,suoyouzhongdagongchengjiedianjunjingguoguojiaheanquanzhuguanbumenjianchayanzheng。ribenfudaoheshiguhou,genjuguojiaminyonghesheshianquandajianchadejielun,hongyanhehedianzhananjihuawanchenglequanbuanquangaijinxiangmu,jinyibutigaolejizuyingduijiduanzaihaidiejiadenengliheanquanshuiping。weibianyushehuigongzhonglejiehezhangwohongyanhehedianzhanzhoubianhuanjingjianceshujuhedianzhananquanyunxingqingkuang,hongyanhegongsizaiguanfangwangzhankaipiheyufusheanquanxinxigongkaipingtai。

据测算,中广核红沿河核电站一期4台机组全部建成后,可大大改善大连市和辽宁省环境质量,缓解交通运输压力。与同等规模燃煤电厂相比,红沿河核电站一期4台机组每年可减少标煤消耗约1000万吨,相当于大连港一年的煤炭吞吐量;减排二氧化碳2400万吨、二氧化硫23万吨、氮氧化物15万吨,环保效应相当于长白山森林面积的三分之一或大连市新增森林面积6.6万公顷(占大连森林面积的14%),对优化辽宁省能源结构,促进区域经济、社会和环境可持续发展,建设富庶文明幸福新辽宁将发挥重要作用。

yabo手机版yulejiegengxiangxidehongyanhehedianzhanneirong,qingqianwang“liaoninghongyanhehedianyouxiangongsi”:

liaoninghongyanhehedianzhanshijingtu

2013nian4yue15ri,ningdehedianzhanyiqi1haojizutourushangyeyunxing,anquan、jingji、qingjiedehedianzhengyuanyuanbuduanshuwangfujiandianwang,zheibiaozhizhewoguohaixiaxianjingjiqushoutaihedianjizuzhengshijianchengtouchan。

2014nian5yue4ri,jingguo168xiaoshishiyunxingshiyankaohe,jingfujianshengdianligongsiquerenhege,ningdehedianzhan2haojizutourushangyeyunxing,chengweiwoguodaludi19tai、fujianshengdi2taizaiyunhedianjizu。

2015nian6yue10ri,ningdehedian3haojizushunliwancheng168xiaoshishiyunxingkaoheshiyan,biaozhizheqiyijubeishangyuntiaojian,zhengshitourushangyeyunxing。

2016nian7yue21ri,ningdehedian4haojizujubeishangyeyunxingtiaojian,zhici,ningdehedianyiqixiangmu4taijizuquanbutouchan。

ningdehedianzhanyiqigongchengshiwoguohaixiaxianshougekaigongjianshedehedianxiangmu。xiangmucaiyongzhongguanghezizhupinpaidezhongguogaijinxingyashuiduihedianjishucpr1000,jianshesitaibaiwanqianwajiyashuiduihedianjizu。ningdehedianzhanyiqigongchengyouzhongguanghe、zhongguodatangjituan、fujianshengnengyuanjituangongtongchuzishelidefujianningdehedianyouxiangongsitouzi、jiansheheyunying,youzhongguanghegongchenggongsizongchengbaojiansheheguanli,gongchengsheji、shebeizhizao、gongchengshigongyujishufuwudengjunyouguoneiqiyeweizhuchengdan。

yabo手机版ningdehedianzhanyiqigongchengshiguoneishougewanchengfudaoshiguhouanquangaijinxiangdezaijianhedianxiangmu,tongguoshishianquangaijin,jizuanquanshuipingdedaolejinyibutisheng。1haojizuzaishougeyunxingzhouqineibaochianquanwendingyunxing,qudeleyouliangdeyunyingyeji。yuquanqiu260duotaiyashuiduihedianjizudeyunxingqingkuangjinxingbijiao,zaiguojiheyingyunzhexiehuihenglianghedianzhananquanyunxingshuipingde9xiangguanjianyejizhibiaozhong,gaijizuyou6xiangdadaoshijiexianjinshuiping。

yabo手机版ningdehedianzhanyiqigongchengshiwoguohedianzizhuhuajiansheyituoxiangmu,shimuqianwoguobaiwanqianwajihedianjizuzhongzizhuhua、guochanhuachengduzuigaodehedianzhanzhiyi,shebeizongheguochanhualvjiangdadao80%。xiangmujianshedaidonglezhuangbeizhizao、jiananshigongdengxiangguanchanye2000duoyiyuandetouzi,weihedianchanyelianshangxiayouqiyetigongjin3wangejiuyegangwei。xiangmuquanmianjianchengtouchanhou,meinianjiangweiguojiahedifangshangjiaoshuishou10duoyiyuanrenminbi。

宁德核电站一期工程的建设还将持续助力福建省经济、社会和环境的可持续发展。4台机组全部建成投产后,预计年发电量300亿千瓦时,与同等规模的燃煤电站相比,相当于每年减少标煤消耗约980万吨,减少二氧化碳排放约2400万吨,减少二氧化硫排放约23万吨,减少氮氧化物排放约15万吨,环境效益相当于种植6.7万公顷森林。

yulejiegengxiangxideningdehedianzhanneirong,qingqianwang“fujianningdehedianyouxiangongsi”:

fujianningdehedianzhanshijingtu

中广核阳江核电站位于广东省阳江市阳东县东平镇,1988年开始选址及初步可行性研究工作。2008年11月12日,国务院核准阳江核电基地采用自主品牌的中国改进型百万千瓦级压水堆核电技术,建设6台核电机组。2008年12月16日,阳江核电站1号机组主体工程开工,工程由中广核工程有限公司总承包建设。2014年3月25日,广东阳江核电站1号机组完成168小时示范运行,具备商业运行条件,正式投入商业运行。2015年6月5日,阳江核电站2号机组具备商业运行条件,正式投入商业运行。2016年1月1日,阳江核电站3号机组完成所有调试工作,具备商业运营条件,正式投入商业运营。2017年1月8日,阳江核电站4号机组首次并网发电成功。

zaiyangjianghedianzhanjiansheguochengzhong,zhongguangheyikejichuangxinqudongzizhupinpaihedianjishuchixushengji,weiyanfajuyouzizhuzhishichanquandesandaihedianjishuhualongyihaodiandinglejianshidejichu。yangjianghedianzhan1、2jizucaiyonglewoguozizhupinpaidebaiwanqianwajiyashuiduihedianjishu——cpr1000,3、4haojizuzaicpr1000jichushangjinxingle25xiangjishugaijin,xingchenglecpr1000+jishu,jinyibutishenglejizudeanquanxingyujingjixing,5、6haojizuzezaicpr1000+jishujichushangjinyibucaiyong31xiangzhongdajishugaijin,xingchenglejubeisandaihedianzhuyaoanquanjishutezhengdeacpr1000jishu。congcpr1000daoacpr1000,zhongguanghejianlilemuqianguoneizhuanyeshezhizuiquandejishuyanfahegongchengshejituandui,wanchenglehedianjishuyouzizhupinpaixiangzizhuzhishichanquandeshengji,jianlileyunzhuangaoxiao、zhiliangkekaodehedianchanyelian,yudongfangdianqi、zhongguoyizhong、shanghaidianqideng74jiazhuangbeizhizaoqiyeyijishangqianjiagejigongyingshangjianlilewengudehezuo,congjishuyanfa、gongchengsheji、shebeizhizaodengfangmianbaozhanglezizhuzhishichanquansandaihedianjishuhualongyihaoyanfajinchengdeshunlituijin,tigaolezhongguohedian“zouchuqu”canyuguojijingzhengdeshili。

在阳江核电站工程建设中,中广核依托项目建设,推进核电集约化、规模化、产业化发展,通过实施适应大型复杂工程建设与管理的AE模式,实现了现场群堆建设资源的有序调配。通过联合研发、质量协同等措施,推动国内制造企业共同参与阳江核电基地设备国产化建设。东方电气、上海电气,中国一重等国内重要装备制造企业为该机组供应了蒸汽发生器、汽轮发电机和反应堆压力容器等主设备。与上海第一机床、特变电工、沈阳鼓风机等国内企业开展联合研发,实现了控制棒驱动机构、核级泵、阀门等关键设备国产化,阳江核电站1号机组设备国产化比率达到了83%。核岛自密实混凝土、主管道自动焊、大体积混凝土整体浇筑等先进施工技术的采用,有效节约了工期,提高了施工质量。通过项目建设,各参建单位培养起了一支高素质的核电施工产业化队伍。

yabo手机版yulejiegengxiangxideyangjianghedianzhanneirong,qingqianwang“yangjianghedianyouxiangongsi”:

yangjianghedianzhanshijingtu

guangdongtaishanhedianzhanweiyuguangdongshengtaishanshichixizhen,yiqigongchengcaiyongeprsandaihedianjishu,jiansheliangtaidanjirongliangwei175wanqianwadeyashuiduihedianjizu,shijifenlanol3(aojiluotuo3)hefaguofa3(fulamangweier3)xiangmuzhihou,quanqiudisangekaigongjianshedeeprxiangmu。

yabo手机版taishanhedianzhanyiqigongchengdejiansheheyunying,youzhongguanghe、faguodianligongsiheyuedianjituangongtongtouzidetaishanhedianheyingyouxiangongsifuze,shizhongfaliangguozainengyuanlingyulizuidadehezuoxiangmu。

yabo手机版2009nian10yuekaigongyilai,taishanhediangongchenggexianggongzuowenbutuijin,muqianxiangmuzongtijinzhanshunli。

yabo手机版yulejiegengxiangxidetaishanhedianzhanneirong,qingqianwang“taishanhedianheyingyouxiangongsi”:

taishanhedianzhanshijingtu

fangchengganghedianzhanweiyuguangxizhuangzuzizhiqufangchenggangshiqishabandaodongce,shiwoguozaixibudiquheshaoshuminzudiqukaigongjianshedeshougehedianxiangmu。fangchengganghedianzhanguihuajianshe6taibaiwanqianwajihedianjizu,qizhongyiqigongchengcaiyongzhongguanghezizhupinpaidezhongguogaijinxingyashuiduihedianjishu—cpr1000,jiansheliangtaidanjirongliangwei108wanqianwadeyashuiduihedianjizu。fangchengganghedianxiangmuyouzhongguoguanghejituanyouxiangongsiyuguangxitouzijituanyouxiangongsigongtongchuzizujiandeguangxifangchengganghedianyouxiangongsifuzejiansheheyunying。fangchengganghedianzhanyiqigongcheng1haojizuyiyu2010nian7yue30rikaigongjianshe,2016nian1yue1rizhengshitourushangyeyunxing;2haojizuyu2010nian12yue28rizhengshikaigongjianshe,bingyu2016nian7yue15rishoucichenggongbingwangfadian,2016nian10yue1riwanchengsuoyoudiaoshigongzuo,jubeishangyeyunyingtiaojian。

防城港核电二期工程采用具有我国自主知识产权的三代核电技术——华龙一号,其中3号机组已于2015年12月24日正式开工建设。防城港核电二期工程的开工建设是积极落实国家“一带一路”、西部大开发以及建设北部湾经济区战略的重要举措,将作为英国布拉德韦尔B(BRB)核电项目的参考电站,成为我国核电“走出去”战略的桥头堡。

yulejiegengxiangxidefangchengganghedianzhanneirong,qingqianwang“guangxifangchengganghedianyouxiangongsi”:

fangchengganghedianzhanshijingtu

yabo手机版lufenghedianxiangmuchangzhiweiyuguangdongshengshanweishixialufengshijieshizhentianweishan。2007nian10yuebeilieweiguojiahedianzhongzhangqifazhanguihua“shier•wu”qijiankexuanzekaigonghouxuanchangzhi。

lufenghedianxiangmushizhongguoguanghejituanjidayawanhedianjidi、yangjianghedianjidi、taishanhedianjidihoujiangzaiguangdongshengneijianshededisidahedianjidi。2006nianyilai,zaiguojiafazhangaigewei、guangdongshengweishengzhengfudedalizhichixia,lufenghedianxiangmuchoubeigongzuowenbutuijin。2008nian2yue,lufenghedianyouxiangongsizhengshichengli。2010nian,huozhunkaizhanlufenghedianyiqigongcheng。2010nian12yue,guojiafazhangaigeweipifutongyilufenghedianyiqigongchengkaizhanqianqigongzuo(ji“lutiao”),yaoqiuyilingaohedianzhanweicankaodianzhan,anzhao“fanbanjiagaijin”fangshi,yiciguihualiutai、shouqijiansheliangtaibaiwanqianwajihedianjizu。

2012年11月,中国广核集团有限公司决定陆丰项目按AP1000技术路线向前推进。2013年3月,国家发展改革委发出同意陆丰核电一期工程调整为AP1000技术方案的新路条。目前,陆丰核电项目前期工作正在按计划开展。

yulejiegengxiangxidelufenghedianxiangmuneirong,qingqianwang“zhongguanghelufenghedianyouxiangongsi”:

yabo手机版lufenghedianxiangmuxianchangshigongtu

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